SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
UNITED STATES v. ALVAREZ
CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR
THE NINTH CIRCUIT
No. 11–210. Argued February 22, 2012—Decided June 28, 2012
The Stolen Valor Act makes it a crime to falsely claim receipt of military decorations or medals and provides an enhanced penalty if the
Congressional Medal of Honor is involved. 18 U. S. C. §§704 (b), (c).
Respondent pleaded guilty to a charge of falsely claiming that he had
received the Medal of Honor, but reserved his right to appeal his
claim that the Act is unconstitutional. The Ninth Circuit reversed,
finding the Act invalid under the First Amendment.
Held: The judgment is affirmed. Pp. 3−18.
617 F. 3d 1198, affirmed.
JUSTICE KENNEDY, joined by THE CHIEF JUSTICE, JUSTICE GINSBURG,
and JUSTICE SOTOMAYOR, concluded that the Act infringes upon
speech protected by the First Amendment. Pp. 3–18.