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Thread: USAF Pararescue (PJ)

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    Default USAF Pararescue (PJ)

    **The information in this thread is thanks to SpecialTactics.com

    The road to becoming an Air Force PJ is a long process. There are 8 major "schools" that must be passed along the way. They are the PAST test, Indoc, BAC, Dunker, HALO, SCUBA, Survival, and PJ school. Outlined below are the first 5 (minus BAC). This is just to give you an idea of what to expect and may not be all inclusive.



    Prerequisites for entering the Career Field:

    You Must:

    Be a volunteer
    Be a US Citizen
    Be less than 34 years of age
    Be a High School graduate or have a GED
    Able to obtain a SECRET security clearance
    Successful completion of the PAST test
    Minimum physical profile (PULHES) of 111111 (no problems)
    Initial flying class III physical qualification of aircrew, parachute, and maritime diving duty
    Strength aptitude standard (X factor) of "P" for retention of AFSC

    Mandatory Requirements

    <LI>Physiological training qualification for aircrew duties
    <LI>High altitude high opening (HAHO) parachuting qualification

    Qualification for aviation service

    <LI>Volunteer for hazardous duty, parachute duty, and diving duty

    THE PAST TEST

    <LI>Underwater swim: 25 Meters 1 breath (Pass/Fail) - 5 min rest
    <LI>Surface swim: 1000 Meters 26 minute max time - 30 min rest
    <LI>Run: 1.5 miles 10:30 max time - 15-30 min rest
    <LI>Chin ups: 8 in 1 minute - 3 min rest
    <LI>Sit ups: 50 in 2 minutes - 3 min rest
    <LI>Push ups: 50 in 2 minutes - 3 min rest
    <LI>Flutter kicks: 50 in 2 minutes - Test complete



    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Basic Retraining Procedures:

    No Special duty application is required. Personnel assigned overseas are not permitted to formally apply for PJ/CCT retraining until they are reassigned back to a CONUS assignment in their Control AFSC. However, they may submit a letter of intent to their MPF and include the following information:


    <LI>Name, Rank, SSN
    <LI>Age
    <LI>Ratings from last 3 EPR's ( no less than an overall 3 rating on each EPR)
    <LI>Unit and MPF message address, voice and FAX DSN numbers
    <LI>Gaining unit and MPF message address, voice and FAX DSN number (if known). If this information is not known at time of letter submission, please forward information as soon as it is made available.
    <LI>Current mailing address
    <LI>PAST test results.
    <LI>AFSC Desired. Member cannot list PJ as first choice and CCT as second choice or Vice Versa. Member's assigned overseas where medical facilities exist must complete a flying class III physical no more than 3 months prior to DEROS. This will help expedite members retraining application once assigned in the CONUS. Physical must be completed IAW message in April (FSO should have a copy) regarding class III physicals for PJ/CCT. Upon receipt of this letter of intent, the servicing MPF will transmit a message relaying members intent and information to HQAETC/TTRL with info copies to HQ AETC/DDPAET, members gaining MAJCOM, unit, and MPF.


    For CONUS applicants the following info is required:

    <LI>PAST test results
    <LI>Copy of complete flying class III physical. FSO must complete physical IAW PJ/CCT message. FSO will send original physical to HQ AETC/SGPS for review approval. AETC will put approval stamp on physical and return to member's FSO. Once physical is returned to FSO, a copy of the original physical should be made and attached to retraining application. Do not send original physicals with application. AF Form 1042, by itself and without stamp, is not acceptable.
    Copies of last 3 EPR's (same as above)
    Records review listing


    Your records will be screened by MPF as follows:

    <LI>Member may apply regardless of the retraining in or out objectives listed for their AFSC.
    <LI>Ensure member picks either PJ OR CCT
    <LI>Ensure member completes PAST and results are documented on letterhead from administering unit. Members are encouraged to contact nearest PJ/CCT unit to have test administered. If PJ/CCT unit is over 100 miles from members unit, the test can be administered by member's immediate supervisor.
    <LI>Ensure no lower than a 3 overall for any EPR
    <LI>Ensure member meets eligibility requirements outlined in AFI 36-2626
    <LI>Ensure MPF and FSO work closely with candidate to complete flying class III physical in a timely manner. Do it early!


    General processing:

    <LI>MPF will forward completed retraining application to embers <LI>MAJCOM for validation of retraining eligibility.
    <LI>MAJCOM reviews application and updates AFTMS and forwards application to HQ AETC/DPPEC, Randolph AFB TX 78150-5001
    <LI>HQ AETC/DPPEC will review, log-in, and forward application to HQ AETC/TTRL for approval/dissapproval
    <LI>HQ AETC/TTRL will provide message traffic on all approved applications to members unit and MPF scheduling member for the 10 week Pararescue (L3AQR1T231-000)/CCT (L3AQR1C231-000) indoctrination course at Lackland AFB Tx. Message will include class, fund cite, and uniform requirements information. Disapproved applications will be returned with letter of explanation.
    <LI>Members must stay in shape physically and be prepared mentally for 10 weeks of calisthenics, running, swimming, underwater confidence training, weight training, dive physics, metrics, and medical terminology academics.
    <LI>If member successfully completes the PJ/CCT indoctrination course, further instructions for pipeline training will be forwarded to members MPF by 342 TRS/CTF VIA AFTMS. Members who are eliminated from course for medical reasons or standards failure will be handled on a case by case basis concerning second attempts at completing indoctrination course. Members who self-eliminate from training will not be re-considered for further retraining into the PJ or CCT AFSC's. Members eliminated from indoctrination training will return to home unit with an AETC form 125A, record of administrative training action. The 125A will provide reasons as to why member was eliminated and may indicate instructions for future consideration to attend training. 125A should be filed in members retraining file.

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    Indoctrination Course:

    OVERVIEW:
    The purpose of this course is to recruit, screen, and train candidates for each specialty (PJ and CCT). Training mentally and physically prepares students to deal with the rigors of the training pipeline, and their ultimate assignment. To prepare a student mentally, we will provide physical situations and stresses that test your determination and perseverance. This is done because PJ and CCT may find themselves in mentally demanding situations, where the lives of many depend on our abilities to function despite fatigue or injury. Indoctrination course training will emphasize unity and the strength of teamwork. Some candidates will feel our expectations are too high and will quit. If you do graduate, it should prevent you from failure in the pipeline, if 100% dedication is maintained. Before reporting to the I-Course, prepare yourself physically and mentally and consider the following information:

    All students, regardless of rank will:

    <LI>Be housed in the I-course dormitory
    <LI>Abide by curfew, phase programs, and liberty restrictions
    <LI>Not drive a private motor vehicle or travel between pipeline schools in a POV
    <LI>Not consume alcohol during the I-course
    <LI>Not consume tobacco products during the I-course
    <LI>Eat all mandatory meals in the designated dining hall
    <LI>Take part in all school requirements, traditions, and activities
    <LI>Maintain exemplary standards of appearance and discipline
    <LI>Maintain living areas in accordance with selection course standards
    <LI>Perform Charge of Quarters (CQ) duties (except Team Leaders)
    All students must train to their capacity. Objective evaluations as well as subjective feedback from instructors will be used to gauge student progression and motivation.

    Students are expected to attain 80% or higher on all academic tests. Failing a retest will result in elimination from this course.

    Senior ranking students will function as class leaders. They will be responsible and accountable for all students during training and will be the main focal point for cadre/student interaction.

    PHYSICAL AND WATER CONFIDENCE EVALUATIONS:

    There are two phases to indoctrination training. Phase 1, weeks 1-4, is Initial Familiarization Training (IFAM), which concentrates on teaching objective skills and preparing you for team training. During phase 1 you can expect to be participating in academic instruction and training in 2-3 events daily i.e. running, swimming, and calisthenics or water confidence. Phase 2, weeks 5-10, is team training, which concentrates on progression of skills taught in phase one and building team unity. During phase 2 you can expect to train in all 4 events daily. Also, continuing academics such as medical and dive terminology and CPR classes. Week 10 is ancillary training consisting of physiological training and administrative preparation for the pipeline. Every Monday during Phase I you will be administered a progress check to evaluate your progression in running, cals and swimming. Technically (as stated above), you can't wash out during Phase I (unless you quit). Expect 2-3 training sessions a day, consisting of run, swim, and/or cals/underwater confidence.

    Phase I - Every monday during phase 1, you will be administered a progress check to evaluate your progression in running, calisthenics, and swimming. These are purely diagnostic evals. They will only be used by the individual to measure their own progress in training. You will also be administered tow examinations covering the material instructed on metric conversion and dive physics. You will be required to pass both exams with a minimum 80% score for each test. On the last day of phase 1, the first graded physical evaluation will be administered. It follows the standard phase 2 criteria covered below. Phase II - Every Monday during Phase II, you will be evaluated on running, cals and swimming. Ever Friday you will be administered an eval on underwater confidence tasks. It is in your best interest to come to each of these evaluations both mentally and physically prepared. The following criteria is used for weekly evaluations:

    <LI>Successfully complete the minimum calisthenics repetitions in the allotted time
    <LI>You will be evaluated on pull-ups, sit-ups, and push-ups
    <LI>Each calisthenic is evaluated separately. Repetitions will be counted by an instructor...only repetitions completed in proper form will be counted
    <LI>Failure of the same calisthenics exercise, in two consecutive evals is grounds for elimination for the class
    <LI>Successfully complete the required distance run in the allotted time
    <LI>Failure of 2 consecutive run evals is ground for elimination from the class

    To successfully pass a weekly water confidence evaluation a student must:
    <LI>Successfully complete the minimum time or distance requirements for bobbing, drown proofing, lifesaving, mask and snorkel recovery, buddy breathing, underwater knots, weight belt swim, treading water, and ditching and donning
    <LI>Failure of the same water confidence exercise in 2 consecutive evals is grounds for elimination from the class

    Missing an evaluation due to medical waiver, sick call, or any other reason is an AUTOMATIC FAILURE of all areas missed.

    If a student fails to achieve the minimum standard for any event during an evaluation he will still complete the remainder of the eval with his class.

    Push-Ups:

    This is a two-count exercise. Starting position is hands approximately shoulder width apart with arms straight, the legs are extended, and the back and legs remain straight. Count one; lower the chest until the elbows extend above the shoulder blades. Count two; return to the starting position. The only authorized rest position is the starting position. You should be able to do 40-50 repetitions of this exercise prior to basic training.

    Pull-Ups/Chin-Ups:

    This is a two-count exercise. Starting position is hanging from the bar, palms facing away (pull-ups) or towards you (chin-ups), hands spread approximately shoulder width, with no bend in the elbow. Count one; pull the body up until the Adam's Apple is above the bar, with the chin held level. Count two; return to the starting position. Legs are allowed to bend but must not be kicked or manipulated to aid the upward movement. You should be able to do 8-10 repetitions of this exercise prior to basic training.

    Sit-Ups:

    This is a two-count exercise. Starting position is back flat on the ground, fingers interlocked behind the head, head off the mat, and knees bent at approximately 90 degrees. The feet (only) are held by another individual during the exercise. Count one; sit up to where the shoulders and hips form a line perpendicular to the ground (biceps are touching the knees). Count two; return to the starting position. There is no rest position during this exercise. The buttocks must remain in contact with the ground, and the fingers must remain interlocked behind the head. You should be able to perform 40-60 repetitions of this exercise prior to basic training.

    Flutter Kicks:

    This is a four-count exercise. Starting position is lying on your back, legs together approximately 6" off the ground leg and knees straignt, hands under the thighs/buttocks. On the count of 1 lift the left leg (keeping it straight) up to an approximately 45 degree angle...the right let remains in position off the ground. On count of 2 simultaneously lift the right leg in the same manner while returning the left leg to the starting position...basically scissor kicking. 4 counts equal 1 repetition.

    Running:

    A variety of different runs will be conducted during training at this course. These runs include long, slow, distance, fartlek, indian sprints, interval training, and others. The type running you will be evaluated on is "all out" distance running. Our standard for evaluated runs is a 7-7:15 minute per mile pace depending on the distance.

    Fin Swimming:

    All evaluated swims at the Indoctrination Course are distance swims using "Rocket" style fins. The swimmer is in the prone glide position with one arm locked out in front of him, to act as a guide arm. The other arm is trailing, or can be used -- in a side stroke fashion -- to provide propulsion (UDT recovery stroke). The legs are locked at the knees with the movement coming from the hips. The legs are used in flutter kick motion to provide propulsion. Breathing is similar to freestyle swimming, but is on one side only. The swimmers body is oriented to the side, but never on the back.

    Equipment: Dive mask, Rocket fins, and booties

    Procedure:

    The exercise will begin with the students prepared to go and in a swimming lane. On the command "Go", the students will leave the wall and begin to swim, using only their legs, in a flutter kick manner to propel them through the water. Students will swim on their sides or stomach only, with one arm extended, looking down that arm and ahead while swimming. Upon reaching the wall, the student will turn around and continue to swim. This will continue until the required number of laps have been completed, or the instructor calls time. During fin swims no freestyle strokes or dolphin kicks will be used. If sprints are being conducted the instructor will specify a distance and maximum time to meet. Students will complete the sprint distance as quickly as possible and be allowed a rest period before the next sprint. To successfully complete swimming exercises you must complete each swim in the prescribed manner and within the time period prescribed. If you continually utilize improper technique, fail to complete a distance swim in the time allocated, or continuously fail to perform sprints within the maximum time, you will be scored as unsatisfactory for the exercise.

    The intent of the following training items is to increase your confidence in the water, increase the amount of time you can spend underwater, and increase your ability to react calmly and rationally in high-stress situations. The following pool training events will be evaluated during your training at the Indoctrination course.

    DROWN PROOFING:

    Equipment: mask, ropes or velcro hand/leg cuffs.

    Procedure:

    NOTE: Drown proofing starts at week 5. Drown proofing is accomplished in 4 tasks. The exercise begins with the student's hands and feet bound and the student sitting on the deck in the deep end of the pool. Upon the command "enter the water", the student will enter the water and start to bob. The first task is bobbing. Bobbing is accomplished by sinking to the bottom of the pool. Upon reaching the bottom, bend your knees and push off the bottom exhaling until you reach the surface. When your head reaches the surface, inhale and begin the process again. The second task is floating. Floating is accomplished by inhaling as much air as possible into your lungs. The student will then tuck his chin into his chest, bend forward at the waist and relax, staying within a 4x4 meter square. When air is required, you will bring your head out of the water, breathe then go back to the float position. Students will not touch the bottom or sides of the pool and are required to stay in the square. The third task is the traveling. The student will dolphin kick 100 meters without touching the bottom or sides of the pool. The dolphin kick is accomplished on your stomach, body bent at the waist and your head moving up and down in the water. Your feet and knees will propel you through the pool. The fourth task consists of flips and mask recovery. Once the travel is complete the student will begin bobbing again. Within five bobs you will accomplish a front flip underwater. Within another five bobs you will accomplish a backwards flip underwater. Once both flips are complete, a mask is thrown to the bottom of the pool. The student will go to the bottom, pick up the mask with his teeth, and complete five bobs. After all tasks are complete, the instructor will call "time". The safety will assist the bobber out of the water. To successfully complete this exercise the student must accomplish all of the above tasks in sequence and without panicking. If unable, he will be scored unsatisfactory for the exercise.

    The following is the evaluation criteria for each week:

    Week #5: Bobbing 5 min, Float - 2 min

    Week #6: Bobbing 5 min, Float - 2 min, Travel - 100m

    Week #7: Bobbing 5 min, Float - 2 min, Travel - 100m, Flips, Mask recovery.

    Week #8 and #9: Same as week #7.

    Mask and Snorkel Recovery:

    Equipment: Mask, Snorkel, T-shirt, Booties.

    Procedure:

    The mask and snorkel exercise begins with all students at one end of the pool. The instructor will then throw or place the student's mask and snorkel a specified distance from the student. This exercise is accomplished one or two students at a time. On the command "go", the student will leave the surface of the pool and swim underwater to the location of his mask and snorkel. Upon reaching them, he will place the snorkel between his legs and position his mask on his face. Once positioned, he will clear the mask of water, retaining a small amount of air. He will then make a controlled ascent to the surface with the snorkel in his mouth and left arm extended above his head with clenched fist. Once on the surface he will clear the snorkel and give the "ok" hand signal to the evaluating instructor. He will ensure he is facing the instructor and immediately demonstrate that his mask and snorkel are clear by looking up at the instructor and breathing through the snorkel. A small amount of water in the mask is permissible as long as it does not exceed the top of the nose indents. While on the surface, the student will not break the mask or snorkel seal until the exercise has been graded and he is permitted to do so by the instructor. This exercise will be scored unsatisfactory if the student surfaces prior to clearing the mask or fails to satisfactorily perform in any of the above listed areas.

    Buddy Breathing:

    Equipment: Face masks, one snorkel per 2 man team, T-shirt, booties.

    Procedure:

    This exercise is conducted in the deep end of the pool. Students will enter the water when directed by the instructor. On the command "start", they will place their faces into the water and begin to survival float while buddy breathing from one snorkel. During the exercise period, the students will maintain control of each other with one hand. With the other hand they will maintain control and pass the snorkel between each other. A student should try to consider his buddy's limited air supply and take only one breath before passing the snorkel back. During this exercise the students will breath only through the snorkel. At no time will they remove their heads from the water and breath from the surface. The exercise period ends on the command "time". To satisfactorily complete this exercise, each student must keep his face in the water during the entire exercise period. He must remain calm, maintain control of himself, his buddy, and the snorkel. The student will be given one warning for unsatisfactory performance and on the next occurrence will be scored unsatisfactory for the exercise. Pool harassment is added as a more intense form of buddy breathing. It involves the instructor entering the water and providing the students with certain stressful situations to see if a student will panic. The same standards apply to this exercise. During pool harassment the instructor may troy to:

    <LI>Take the snorkel (don't let him)
    <LI>Remove the face mask
    <LI>Attempt to separate partners (don't let him)
    <LI>Cut off your air supply for one or two breaths
    <LI>Splash water
    <LI>Push students underwater
    <LI>OTHER MANEUVERS AT HIS DISCRETION

    Treading Water:

    Equipment: T-shirt, booties.

    Procedure:

    The exercise begins with the student moving from waist deep water into deep water. On the command "hands up", the student will raise their hands out of the water and tread water by using their legs only. The student must ensure their hands above the wrist and their head do not break the water line for the minimum evaluated time.

    Weight belt swim:

    Equipment: Mask, fins, booties, T-shirt.

    Procedure:

    The exercise begins when the student moves from waist deep water into the deep end of the pool. The student must swim on his side, either left or right, with the leading arm out in front, continuously for the designated period of time. While swimming, the student cannot switch from his left to right side or vice versa (the side you start on is it), swim on his back, or touch any portion of the pool (sides or bottom). The student can use his other arm to assist in a "recovery stroke" to help lift his head out of the water to breath.

    Underwater Knots:

    Equipment: 2 sling ropes per student, T-shirt, booties.

    Procedure:

    Preparing the Pool. The pool will be prepared for this exercise on instructor command. A long pool rope and the associated weights will be used in rigging the pool for training (the class leader will ensure these are at the pool). The rope will be strung across the deepest end of the pool, with the 25lb weights on the sides, holding the rope to the bottom. The exercise begins with the students spread out over the length of the rope treading water. Each student will have two ropes (one in hand and one stowed in the swimming trunks). The instructor will then announce the know or knots to be tied on the dive. On command, each student will descend to the rope and tie the required knot(s) prior to surfacing. All knots will be dressed and the tails will not be less than 4 inches, nor greater than 8 inches. After the knot(s) have been tied an instructor will check them to ensure they are tied correctly. If tied incorrectly the exercise will be repeated until the student is able to complete the required knot(s). If he is unable to satisfactorily tie the knot(s) he will be scored as unsatisfactory for the exercise.

    Equipment Recovery:

    Equipment: Mask, fins, booties, T-shirt, weight belt.

    Procedure:

    The exercise begins with all equipment on and the students in the shallow end of the pool, lined facing the deep end of the pool. On the command "move to the deep end", the students will begin treading water and moving to the deep end of the pool. Once at the deep end, the students will tread water for a specified time period. On the command "ditch your equipment", the students will make a clear water surface dive to the deepest part of the pool. They will then ditch their gear in the following sequence: fins together and pointed to the head of the pool, mask on top of the fins, weight belt neatly placed over the mask and fins. After ditching, each student will make a controlled ascent to the pool surface with left arm over his head with clenched fist, and give the "ok" sign to an instructor. On the command "recover your equipment", students will make a clear water surface dive to their equipment, and don it in the following sequence: weight belt first, fins second, mask third. Each student will then clear their mask and make a controlled ascent to the surface with clenched fist above the head. On the surface, they will give the "ok" signal to an instructor and move to the head of the pool with their head out of the water and mask clear. Students will not touch any equipment on the way to the head of the pool. At the pool head, the students will exit the water and sit on the pool edge with their hands on top of their heads. Their equipment will then be checked for proper configuration by an instructor. To satisfactorily complete the exercise the student must ditch his equipment correctly on one dive and make a controlled ascent. He must then don his equipment correctly on one dive and make a controlled ascent. The students mask must be completely clear of water. When checked, the weight belt must have a right hand release, and no twists in any straps. The fins must be full on the feet with no twists in the straps.

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    Underwater Egress Training
    Located in Pensacola Naval Air Station this training is intended to prepare you for possible emergencies during over-water flights.

    The training uses a Navy-developed device that simulates a helicopter rolling and sinking after hitting the water. Fitted with a two-seat cockpit, four-seat passenger area and windows, this "dunker" simulates what would happen in a real crash.

    To make the training realistic, you wear full flight gear, including flight suits, gloves, boots, flight vests and helmets.

    The training has two phases, each of which included multiple scenarios. First, the dunking machine is used to learn escape procedures after a helicopter water crash. You are trained with the helicopter emergency egress device system, or HEEDS, a small device which allows underwater breathing for short periods of time.

    The dunker training includes four different dunks. Before each, the device was raised about eight feet above the water and then dropped straight down.

    During the first stage, you remain in an impact position.

    When the device hits the water, everyone simulates breaking out the window nearest them. As the device begins to sink, you place one hand on the lap belt release and the other on a reference point to aid in escape. The dunker stops sinking when you are about 5 feet deep in the water.

    In the next dunk, the device begins to sink and roll completely upside down after hitting the water. You are taught not to attempt to release the lap belts or try to escape during this period, which lasted about 10 seconds. When the dunker stops rolling, trainees find themselves upside down, disoriented and water-logged, at which time they began their escape attempt.

    There are four scenarios during the sink-and-roll portion of the training. In the first, trainees escape through the nearest exit. In the second, the trainees all escape through a single exit. This is a challenge for some occupants. Depending on seat location, some trainees have to use a hand-over-hand method to find the exit and escape.

    Trainees were blacked-out goggles during the third scenario, during which they again escaped through the exit nearest their seats.

    The fourth scenario poses the greatest challenge. All occupants wear blacked-out goggles and escape through the same exit. This can lead people to panic...not what a PJ does...As a safety measure, Navy divers are underwater during all dunks. If any trainees had trouble escaping, a diver is there to help immediately.

    Trainees use the HEEDS bottle during the next day's training. Essentially, the device is a miniature scuba tank that can fit in a flight vest. During a crash, the bottle can be placed in the mouth to allow underwater breathing for two to four minutes at a depth of 20 feet.

    Unlike the aircraft dunker you train in the day before, the HEEDS dunker has only one seat and is positioned just inches above the water. The occupant is turned upside down in about five feet of water.

    This training also consists of four scenarios. In the first, which familiarizes trainees with the device, the trainees escape by releasing their lap belts and swimming out the appropriate exit.

    The students put the HEEDS bottles in their mouths before being dunked in the second scenario. After normal breathing is established, trainees release their lap belts and swam out the exit.

    In the third scenario, trainees release their lap belts and swim to the exit immediately after being dunked. There, a Navy instructor grabs you to simulate being caught on an object. You then have to use the HEEDS bottle. Once this is done successfully, you are released.

    In the last scenario, trainees use HEEDS bottles while still strapped to the seat and still upside down after being dunked. After normal breathing is established, the students release their lap belts and swim for the exit.

    This training is important because it increases a PJ's (and the rest of the crew's) chances of survival during a water crash.

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    MILITARY FREE-FALL PARACHUTIST COURSE (4 WEEKS)

    PURPOSE:

    TO TRAIN SELECTED SOF, DOD AND FOREIGN PERSONNEL AS MILITARY FREE-FALL PARACHUTISTS

    SCOPE:

    MILITARY FREE-FALL SKILLS

    (DAY/NIGHT) HALO/HAHO OPERATIONS

    Course Objectives:

    Train personnel to be qualified military free-fall parachutists. This includes military free-fall parachute ground training; physiological training, body stabilization (vertical wind tunnel), basic aircraft procedures, combat equipment (rucksack and weapon); advanced aircraft procedures to include individual exits with combat equipment, mass exits, grouping exercises, night airborne operations, and life-support equipment (oxygen mask and bottles) and procedures with high-altitude airborne operations.

    Reporting Instructions

    Prior to reporting to the MFFPC, students must ensure that all dental, medical, administrative, and personnel actions are completed or rescheduled for a future date (after graduation). Company B will not release students during the conduct of the course except for an emergency.

    Company B headquarters is in Building 305 at Yuma Proving Ground (YPG), Arizona, DSN 899-3636/3640 or commercial (520) 328-3636/3640. During the first week of training, the headquarters contingent is in Building D-1209 (Vertical Wind Tunnel [VWT]) at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, at the intersection of Gruber and Mosby Street, DSN 239-5661 or commercial (910) 432-5661.

    Students must report to the VWT not later than 1700 on the report date listed in the Army Training Requirements and Resources System (ATRRS), DSN 239-5661. Officers and enlisted personnel arriving prior to the class start date will report to the Moon Hall billeting office for room assignments or to obtain a statement of nonfilterability. Reservations for Moon Hall may be made by calling (910) 436-1669.

    During airborne operations (weeks two through four), students will be billeted at YPG, Arizona. No reservations are necessary, and room assignments are made prior to arrival at YPG. Yuma Proving Ground will not issue statements of nonfilterability.

    Students reporting for inprocessing must have their medical records (with the original "approved" HALO physical which must be current within 2 years from graduation date), a current panorex dental x-ray, current AF Chamber Physiological Card and form, and five hard copies of orders attaching them to Company B, 2d Battalion, 1st SWTG(A), for the purpose of attending the MFFPC. Students who report without their medical records and orders will not enter training.

    United States Army students must bring a copy of DA Form 2A/2-1 or DA Form 2B/2-1.

    Orders to the MFFPC must state that government quarters are available at Fort Bragg for $16 per day and at YPG for $8 per day. Government mess facilities are not always available because of the training schedule. The use of government mess facilities adversely affects the performance of the mission. Government mess is not available at YPG, Arizona. There are eating establishments on YPG within 1/4 mile from billeting. The nearest town is Yuma which is 25 miles away.

    Orders must state the temporary duty (TDY) itinerary is “Fort Bragg, North Carolina, to Yuma Proving Ground, Arizona, and return to home stations or next duty assignment.” This facilitates funding the individuals return tickets, especially those individuals on TDY en route to their next duty assignment.

    Students on separate rations or per diem will provide for their own meals during training. Company B, 2d Battalion, 1st SWTG(A), will not issue meal cards.

    Students with meal cards must arrange for separate rations or per diem prior to departure from their parent unit.

    Company B will extend class dates to achieve course graduation standards in the event academic requirements are not met because of adverse weather conditions or air scheduling conflicts. Students will remain in the course until the rescheduled graduation dates or return to their parent units without qualification. Students will not make return travel arrangements until the actual graduation dates have been established. *Students will not be allowed to graduate early because of unit deployment, follow-on TDY/temporary additional duty, or travel arrangements locked in prior to the graduation date.

    *All students are responsible for providing their own transportation (taxi) from YPG to Yuma airport after graduation. (Approx cost $30.00). Transportation for all training will be provided by Company B.

    Prerequisites:

    Special operations forces commissioned officers, warrant officers, or enlisted personnel of the Active or Reserve components who are assigned to, or who are on orders for assignment to, a military free-fall coded position or selected DOD personnel or allied personnel who are qualified military parachutists. Effective 1 October 1995, Army students reporting to military free-fall training must have a memorandum confirming assignment to a military free-fall coded position at inprocessing. Personnel reporting without the required memorandum will not be entered into training. Must have passed the high-altitude, low-opening (HALO) physical examination IAW AR 40-501, Chapter 5, paragraph 8, and must report with complete medical records, including original HALO examination, on day of inprocessing. School must be completed within two years of the date on the physical. Must also report with a Physiological Training Record, High-Altitude Parachutist Initial (HAP INT). This record is verified on AF Form 1274 (Chamber Card) and AF Form 702 (Individual Physiological Training Record). Must have nine months remaining in service upon graduation.

    Organization/unit surgeons will base their determination of a soldier’s medical qualification/disqualification on AR 40-501, Standards of Medical Fitness (1 May 1989), Interim Change No. 101 to AR 40-501 (1 October 1991), and the USAJFKSWCS Memorandum, “Requirements for Completing Physical Examinations for USAJFKSWCS Schools,” 1 March 1995.

    *Soldiers requesting waivers for disqualifying conditions will submit their physical examinations along with a memorandum requesting the waiver (not later than 30 days prior to the class start date) through the USASOC Medical Training Division for delivery to USAJFKSWCS (where waivers are considered). The address for the USASOC Medical Training Division is:

    Commander, USASOC
    ATTN: AOMD-MT
    Ft Bragg, NC 28307-5217

    *Waivers must be approved in writing prior to start date!

    Packing List:

    Students will bring the following uniforms and equipment:

    Two sets of their duty uniform (i.e., battle dress uniform [BDU], utilities, etc.); headgear (BDU or utility cap with rank and insignia); five brown T-shirts, five pairs of black nylon running shorts, and five pairs of olive drab socks; and one set of the gray Army physical training uniform or sister service equivalent. T-shirts will not have logos on them. Students will wear unit issue sweat suits during the winter months.

    One pair of military-type gloves (flight gloves or black issue are acceptable). Recommend that during the cold weather months gloves have good insulation without sacrificing dexterity.

    Notebook, pen/pencil, and a good flashlight (mini mag recommended).

    Black combat boots or jungle boots (lace through eyelet type) that meet the standards outlined in AR 670-1, Wear and Appearance of Army Uniforms and Insignia (1 September 1992), are acceptable. Boots with open-hook eyelets are unacceptable for wear.


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    General Weekly schedule:

    Week One

    Week one begins with the usual Army drill of In-processing, weigh-in, equipment issue, etc. You are assigned an instructor and a jump buddy (about your same height and weight so you fall at about the same rate). Your instructor stays with you the whole time. You learn all about the ram air parachute, emergency procedures, rigging procedures, repack procedures, etc. You do table drills to learn how to fall properly and stable, and also get into the hanging harness to practice emergency procedures (malfunctions, cutaways, entanglements, etc.). You also cover jump commands and the oxygen system. Then the fun begins! First, you get into the wind tunnel. This is a massive fan that blow at speeds up to 150mph...it actually lifts you and supports you in the air to simulate freefall! You go through all the ep's, and you fine tune your body position.

    Week two through four

    Jump, Jump, Jump...and you will also jump. From here on out it is pretty much all jumping. You begin by exiting at 10000ft with no equipment, to exiting at 25000ft with full equipment and oxygen. You must remain stable, pull at the designated altitude (+/- 200ft), and land within 25m of the group leader. If the weather is good, you get to do a lot of jumps (including HAHO). High Altitude High Opening jumps are jumps where you exit at say...13000ft and 5 seconds later deploy your chute. You then glide 5-10 kilometers (a lot more depending on exit altitude and winds) to the target...quite a ride! Graduation consists of equipment turn in, diplomas and paperwork, and the requisite class party.

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    COMBAT DIVER QUALIFICATION COURSE (CDQC) (4 WEEKS, 4 days)

    PURPOSE:

    TO TRAIN SELECTED SOF PERSONNEL AS OPEN-CIRCUIT COMBAT DIVERS

    SCOPE:

    OPEN CIRCUIT OPERATIONS

    SURFACE AND SUBSURFACE OPERATIONS

    DEEP DIVES

    DIVING PHYSICS/INJURIES

    WATER INFILTRATION

    Course objective:

    Train personnel as qualified military combat divers trained in waterborne operations to include day and night ocean subsurface navigation swims, deep dives, diving physics, marine hazards, tides and currents, submarine lock-in/lock-out procedures, and closed-circuit and open-circuit swims.

    Reporting Instructions:

    1. Students will report to building KW 100, United States Naval Air Station, Trumbo Point Annex, Key West, Florida, during duty hours and to the charge of quarters (CQ) building KW 700 after duty hours. Students will report no earlier than two days prior to the reporting date (the dining facility will be closed prior to this time) and no later than 2400 on the reporting date. APFT will be conducted at 0500 the next day. Inprocessing will begin at 1000 on the following day in building KW 100.

    2. Students must be assigned to or on orders for assignment to duty requiring participation in waterborne/underwater operations.

    3. It is imperative that all administrative actions or problems be settled with the student’s parent unit prior to the student’s departure from his home station. The training site at Key West has no administrative assets to handle such actions.

    4. Travel to Key West will be by commercial air or privately owned vehicle. Students will not use privately owned vehicles while attending the course.

    5. Students will be billeted in the Company C billets. Mess facilities will be provided at no cost to the students.

    6. Students should bring enough money for personal needs for four weeks (access to government check cashing facilities is limited). Meal cards will be issued at Key West. Statements of nonavailability will not be issued.

    Prerequisites

    Male commissioned officer, warrant officer, or enlisted member of the Active Army or Reserve Component or selected DOD personnel assigned or on orders to a special operations forces unit. Must have passed a Scuba physical examination IAW AR 40-501, Chapter 5, paragraph 5, within two years of course completion date and must report with medical records on day of inprocessing. Must have successfully completed a pre-Combat Diver Qualification Course (CDQC) program conducted at parent unit. Must report with certification of pre-CDQC completion signed by the battalion commander. Must meet the height and weight standards as outlined in AR 600-9.

    If a waiver is required, the original Standard Form 88, Standard Form 93, and allied documents will be forwarded directly to the USASOC Surgeon IAW AR 40-501, Chapter 8, paragraph 8-26C. Must pass an entrance examination at C Company, Key West, Florida, consisting of the following requirements: APFT with a minimum of 70 points in each event and an overall score of 210 or above (scored on 17- to 21-year-old age group) IAW FM 21-20; swim 500 meters, nonstop (on the surface), using only the breaststroke or sidestroke; tread water for two minutes continuously, with both hands and ears out of the water; swim 25 meters underwater without breaking the surface with any portion of the body; and retrieve a 20-pound weight from a depth of 3 meters. (Recommend using pre-CDQC training package exported by SWCS in May 1995 to prepare for this entrance examination.)

    Packing List:

    As a minimum, each student will bring the following items of uniform and equipment:

    1. Brown/olive drab (OD) T-shirts, eight each.

    2. Underwater demolition team (UDT) Army swim trunks or unit issue physical training (PT) shorts (with standard OD name tape sewn on the right front leg, centered 1 inch above the bottom), two pairs each.

    3. Battle dress uniform (BDU)/patrol cap without patches, insignia, or reflective tape, two each. Berets will not be worn at Key West.

    4. Utility uniforms (BDU, camouflage, or jungle), two each.

    5. White socks (no stripes or logos, no knee socks), six pairs each.

    6. Athletic shoes, lace type, one pair each.

    7. Military duffel/aviator’s bag, one each.

    8. Calculator, hand-held, one each.

    9. Loose-leaf binder/notebook, one each.

    10. Watch, waterproof, one each.

    Note: Students may wear personal wet suit booties, coral booties, or a similar type footgear for the swims. However, Company C will not issue these items to the students.



    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Basic Overview

    1st week-

    Morning formation, PT, boat house boogie (FAST 2 mile run), conditioning in pool, which consists of laps and flutter kicks, instruction in dive equipment and procedures.

    2nd week--

    "Ditching + Donning": enter pool, swim underwater to deep end at depth of 15 feet, remove face mask, snorkel, fins. Twin tanks left on bottom, placing weight belts on top. Take one breath of compressed air, surface, breathe, go down, put weight belt on and other equipment, begin using compressed air. "Harassment Dive" :Get in water, swim around edge at the bottom, and get "harassed" by instructors, face masks pulled, fins removed, oxygen tanks removed, etc, for an hour. Failing either of these exercises results in discharge from SCUBA school. Classes. 500m navigation dive evaluation.

    3d week- Dive, Dive, Dive...day and night, 1500m navigation dive evaluation, classes, etc. etc. etc.

    4th Week- More night dives, team swim, 3000m navigation dive evaluation, end of course test, FTX, GRADUATION!


    Course overview - 2hrs
    Dangerous Marine Life - 1hr
    Specialized Physical Conditioning for Combat diver qual - 1hr
    Oxygen Tolerance/Chamber pressure test - 7hrs
    500 meter Team selection swim - 2hrs
    Physics - 3hrs
    Inspection and maintenance of Individual swim equipment - 13hrs
    Diving physiology - 1hr
    Diving injuries - 2hrs
    Anti-swimmer systems - 1hr
    Determining duration of air supply - 1hr
    Decompression - 4hrs
    Regulator repair - 4hrs
    Tides, waves, and currents - 2hrs
    CPR - 6 hrs
    Altitude diving - 2hrs

    OPEN-CIRCUIT SCUBA TRAINING:

    Use of Fins and mask - 4hrs
    Use of open-circuit equipment and buddy breathing - 4hrs
    Open-circuit SCUBA tank charging - 2hrs
    Ditching and donning single hose open-circuit equipment - 4hrs
    Specialized Waterwork and equipment - 4hrs
    Open-circuit compass swims - 20hrs
    130' open-circuit qualification dive - 4hrs

    Operations

    Surface swims - 9hrs
    Advanced open water practical exercise - 4hrs
    Team swims - 2hrs
    Introduction to Para-Scuba - 1hr
    Buoyant Ascent - 2hrs
    Submarine lock-in/out training/practical - 4hrs
    Underwater searches - 5hrs
    Cast and recovery - 4hrs
    Waterproofing and bundle rigging - 2hrs
    Ship bottom search - 4hrs
    Infiltration techniques - 2hrs

    FIELD TRAINING EXERCISE - 22HRS

    CLOSED-CIRCUIT SCUBA TRAINING: Note: The closed circuit training portion of combat diver school has been discontinued. In its place, the cadre has developed and implemented a Water Infiltration Course (WIC). This mini WIC consists of zodiac operations and navigation, numerous surface swims, an end of course FTX, Klepper operations, waterproofing of gear, planning, etc. Below is listed the closed circuit training I received in 1984.

    Introduction to Closed Circuit - 4hrs
    Use of Closed Circuit LAR (Lambert Air Rebreather) V - 3hrs
    Closed circuit compass swims - 13hrs
    Pre/Post dive procedures for LAR V - 12hrs

    Note: The LAR V is a 100% oxygen rebreather system that makes use of a small oxygen bottle and a "scrubber" canister that filters the CO2 from your exhaled air and allows you to re-breathe 100% oxygen.

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